Best Beginner Camera Lenses
In this article we will talk about camera lenses, a very important element that is considered one of the most important elements affecting the quality of an image that you can get out of a camera.
The world of the camera lens is very big. Believe it or not, some camera lenses are more expensive than cameras. You can buy a high-end full-frame camera for $2000 or $3,000. Yet you can find some camera lenses at the same price or more expensive.
We must bear in mind that there are two types of cameras:
There are cameras that you cannot change the lens of, so the camera body and the lens remain one part, but when you reach a certain price or type of professional camera, you are given the possibility to change the camera lens.
In this article, we will talk about the cameras that you can change the lenses on.
- The Difference Between a Cheap Camera Lens and an Expensive One
- Camera Lens Quality Comparison
- So, How to Choose the Best Beginner Camera Lenses Suitable for You?
- Lens Mount Compatibility
- So on what basis do companies design the mount of their camera lenses?
- What Does Canon EF Mount Mean?
- Camera Lenses Focal Length Explained
- Zoom Lens Better Than Prime
- What Does a Macro Lens Mean?
- Lens Aperture Difference Faces ranging from wide to narrow
- Image Stabilization Meaning
- Lens focus Motor
- The Best Beginner Camera Lenses Advices
The Difference Between a Cheap Camera Lens and an Expensive One
I will explain to you the difference between cheap camera lenses and expensive ones, and how you can choose the right lens for your job. First of all, I will show you two pictures of camera lenses.
Starting with the cheap lens. The cheapest lens you can use is the lens called the kit lens, which is the lens that comes with the camera that you just bought.
What Are The Components Of The Kit Camera Lens?
Any lens consists of two covers, one on the front and one on the back.
The back one is the one that is installed in the camera itself, and the front is for the aperture that allows light to pass through, so you have glass from the front and glass from the back, and each side has a cover.
The first thing that is clear between a cheap camera lens and an expensive camera lens is the manufacturing materials.
Camera Lens Quality Comparison
The first thing you have is the lens mount.
In a cheap camera lens, it remains plastic, but in an inexpensive camera lens, it’s metal. The higher the price of the lens, the greater its resistance to dust and rain. They call it weather-sealed, while a cheap camera lens does not resist water or rain. In some brands, such as Panasonic, most, if not all, are weather-sealed and metallic, but that’s a Panasonic thing.
The second thing is the glass through which the light enters.
The cheap camera lens will have cheap glass with an additional cheap layer on it.
The more expensive camera lenses, on the other hand, keep their high-quality glass, and the layer that will be on the glass is much more expensive.
And this layer differentiates between one lens and another, so when people talk about cleaning the lens from dust, they mean that you have to be very sensitive with it. That’s so the layer on the lens does not get scratched.
Another difference between an expensive and a cheap camera lens is the aperture, and that the aperture is much narrower in cheap cameras lenses than in inexpensive ones. The camera lens is very wide, but in the end, one of the advantages of the kit lens is that it’s almost always a zoom lens, which means it has a focal range.
It is also usually anti-shake. If you use the lens with your hands without a stand or a stabilizer, and your hand suddenly shakes, you can still somewhat get sharp pictures.
So, How to Choose the Best Beginner Camera Lenses Suitable for You?
The first and most important element based on which the Camera lens is divided is the mounting base of the lens. To be able to buy a lens, you must first buy a lens that has a suitable mounting base for your camera.
Lens Mount Compatibility
Usually, it’s according to the brand. Each brand has a different mounting base, so it has a different camera lens. Meaning that Canon cameras have a specific mounting base, such as EF Mount, EFs Mount, eos m Mount, eos r Mount, and so on. There are different types of Canon cameras, each type has a different mounting lens base, so you can’t bring an EF Mount lens and mount it on an m Mount. You can check out our article about Canon camera lens and get more information about the best Canon lens suitable for you.
So, for example, the eos m50 camera has an m Mount.
And what Canon refers to as m The m-mount is the mount of the lens that is installed on the m-camera system, which is a type of mirrorless camera.
If you do not know what a mirrorless camera or DSLR camera is, you can check out our article about the difference between the mirrorless camera and DSLR camera. In this article, you get all the information you need.
In general, there are two types of cameras: DSLR cameras with mirrors and mirrorless cameras without mirrors. It is not possible to bring the lens of a mirrorless camera system to be installed on a DSLR, but you can bring the lens of the DSLR camera through an adapter to be installed on the mirrorless camera.
Other lenses with a mounting base are different from the camera.
Although this lens is imposed on DSLR cameras through the adapter, it’s done.
We have two very important pieces of information.
The first and most important point of all is that each lens has a specific mounting base. This base represents a specific camera system. It is not possible to install r Mount lenses on an m Mount body, and the mirrorless lens must be installed on its mirrorless camera body.
So on what basis do companies design the mount of their camera lenses?
Based on two things First, the camera system is mirrorless or DSLR.
While the second is the size of the sensor, is it a full-frame or an APS-C sensor? The main rule, in the end, is that you will not know how to install the lens on the camera body unless the camera has a specific lens base and the lens you are buying has the same lens base.
It is possible in some cases to install an adapter, but you must ask first about this adapter: is there an adapter that converts from a such-and-such lens base to a such-and-such lens base? Mostly, this will be for a DSLR camera lens to be installed on the body of a mirrorless body. You may have thought through what I said that camera manufacturers name the bases of the camera lenses with certain symbols or codes, and the first symbol in the lens is the base of the lens.
What do I mean by this? I mean, this is an EF 50mm 1:1.4 lens. What is this symbol?
This symbol is supposed to be divided into three parts:
What Does Canon EF Mount Mean?
The first section, ” EF,” is about the type of lens mount, so what does EF mean ? Regardless of the company, you will find that each company has a specific naming system, so you need to learn more about the naming of lens mounts for each company. Starting by asking a couple of questions like:
- What Camera lens do they have?
- What classifications of the Camera lens are there?
- Is the lens a prime lens or a zoom lens?
- You may wonder what is prime and what does zoom means?
Camera Lenses Focal Length Explained
Secondly, we will talk about the focal length.
What does an EF 50mm lens mean? 50mm lenses are classified according to the focal length, which means In short, if you have a specific distance between you and the camera, If you install a 50mm lens on the camera, you will see a certain cadre according to the specific distance between you and the camera If this number increases, I mean, instead of installing 50mm, you installed 85mm, but the distance between you and the camera is fixed, you will feel that the camera has zoomed in on you.
If I install on the lens whose focal length size is less, for example, 24mm, and the distance between me and the camera is fixed, I will feel that I am using a zoom out and the cadre remains wider. Therefore, the focal length remains, which expresses the width of the cadre that the camera can see through the lens.
The smaller this number, the wider the cadre, and the larger the number, the narrower the cadre, so I choose the suitable focal length for me on the basis of the nature of my work and the nature of my photography.
If I am taking pictures of, for example, animals in the wild or birds, I must use a large 200mm or 300mm focal length because I will be hidden far away, but my focal length is large, as if I’m very close to the things that I shot from, and if I was taking pictures in a confined space and my space was limited and I wanted to see a large team, I will use a smaller focal length.
Zoom Lens Better Than Prime
A prime lens means its focal length is fixed. There is no zoom. So what does this mean?
If you want narrower cadre, you have to get a little closer with the camera. If you want it wider, you need to go a little further. There is no zoom to control the cadre. As for the zoom camera lens, there is a range for the focal length, for example, from 15mm to 45mm. 15mm means wide, and if you want to zoom, you do not have to be closer. You zoom in with the lens. You move it from 15 to 45.
What is the main difference between the Zoom Camera lens and the Prime Camera lens?
There are two important differences. In most cases, the prime lens will be sharper.
What does this mean? It means you will see more details in the picture. Often the prime camera lens gives a better picture, and one of the advantages of the prime camera lens is that they usually have a wider aperture. So what, what’s next? Do I buy a prime lens or do I buy a zoom lens?
In some zoom cameras, the aperture is wide, but usually it will be more expensive, and the matter, in the end, is related to the nature of your work. If you need to zoom in and zoom out, you will need a zoom lens.
For the most part, the camera will remain fixed in its place, so there will be no need to zoom in and zoom out, and things will remain stable most of the time. You have to buy a prime lens. In the end, you will see which lens will serve your job best, and this will be the right lens for you.
What Does a Macro Lens Mean?
Among the advantages of lenses that differentiate between one lens and the other is the macro feature, so what is the macro feature?
Camera lenses have a feature called Minimum Focal Distance, which means that in order to adjust the focus on the lens, the subject of your shooting must be a certain distance away from the lens. If it’s closer than where it should be, you will stay out of focus for eternity. For example, if you want to photograph a product and want to get very close to the product and visualise its details, you must buy a macro lens.
Lens Aperture Difference Faces ranging from wide to narrow
Let’s talk a little about the aperture;
There are wide apertures and narrow ones. What is the difference?
1:1.4 the smaller the number, the larger the aperture is. The larger the number, the narrower the aperture will be. Of course, concerning the lens aperture: 1:1.4, this means that it is the maximum aperture. It could possibly get a smaller aperture, but it won’t wider than 1:1.4. In zoom lenses, the aperture of the lens is usually smaller, and the aperture of the lens varies within the range of the focal lens.
What is the importance of the aperture of the lens anyway?
The wider the aperture, the more light is introduced into the sensor, and this gives better performance in low light. Another thing is that it gives more background isolation.
As for the background isolation, The main two things that affect it are the sensor and the aperture, so if I want to get the best background isolation, I use a full-frame lens with the widest aperture. Note that for video shooting, wide apertures make the focus range less, meaning if the camera does not follow the focus if I moved forward, I found that there was no focus on the focal point.
If I moved back, there would be no focus. If the aperture of the lens was very wide, the picture’s area would be reduced, and this means that any simple movement would remain out of focus. If the aperture was smaller, the area of focus would be larger. And this means if I had a camera. There is no good tracking or focus, and I want to ensure that I keep the focus by using a lower aperture, as the focus area will increase, but the lighting that will enter the camera will be less, so I must use stronger lighting.
The last two points we’ll talk about quickly.
Image Stabilization Meaning
First of all, for people who are accustomed to taking pictures while holding the camera in their hands, it is better to buy a camera lens that has anti-shake and anti-vibration. It simply means that I photograph the picture without any vibration, so the movement keeps moving.
Lens focus Motor
The last thing is the focus motor, and we can talk about it in an article on its own, but simply
How does the system of the focus motors make the difference between one lens and the other?
First, there is a difference in speed.
secondly, in sound It differs in speed, which means when you focus on a nearby thing, it picks up focus quickly, and if you want to focus on something further away, it moves focus quickly, too.
How does it differ in the sound?
When the focus changes, there is no sound in the lens itself. The lens keeps pieces of glass moving to adjust the focus. A certain motor does that. It is the one that silently moves the glass, adjusting the moving focus. Without it, this can make the sound of the movement of the glass louder. Now why is this important?
If you are shooting a video and rely on recording sound from the camera itself or through a mic mounted above the camera, then you must choose a lens with no sound.
In the end, the important question is what is the right lens for you, according to the nature of your work. You choose the nature of the lens that is right for you
If you are photographing in difficult weather conditions, one of your top priorities is to buy a Weather Sealed lens that is dust-resistant and rain-resistant.
The Best Beginner Camera Lenses Advices
- If you are shooting in an environment that needs to zoom in and zoom out, you will need a zoom lens.
- If you are shooting in a low light environment, you will need a wide aperture lens.
- If you are interested in isolating the background and the cinematic look, you must choose a lens with a wide aperture.
- If you are interested in photographing products, you must buy a lens that has the macro feature.
- If you are shooting in mostly limited confined cramped spaces you have to look for a wide cadre, and you must use a big wide lens
- If you are photographing something very far from you, you must use a standard or medium lens or a super-telephoto lens
- If you are someone who only shoots pictures while hand-holding the camera, you must use a lens with image stabilization.